UNITED NATIONS MINE ACTION CENTRE FOR AFGHANISTAN (UNMACA)
The concept of humanitarian mine action was developed in Afghanistan in 1988/9. After fall of the Taliban and the international community’s intervention in 2002, the Government of Afghanistan entrusted interim responsibility for mine action to the United Nations, through a modality named UN Mine Action Coordination Centre (UNMACA) managed by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS).
In 2008, aiming for transition and nationalizing the United Nations Mine Action Centre for Afghanistan (UNMACA) was rebranded as the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan (MACCA), remaining an UNMAS project. Oversight and coordination of Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan is gradually shifting toward national ownership. UNMACA is now working together with the Department of Mine Clearance (DMC) under the Afghan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) to develop strategy, implement and monitor mine action activities and targets. Together, UNMACA and the DMC coordinate nationwide mine action activities through seven UNMACA regional offices located in Kabul, Herat, Kandahar, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kunduz, Gardez, and Jalalabad.
Afghanistan acceded to the Ottawa Anti-personnel Mine Ban Treaty in September 2002, making a commitment to clear all emplaced Anti-personnel (AP) mines within ten years. The magnitude of the mine problem in Afghanistan, tied with the ongoing conflict, discovery on new hazardous areas, and under funding, however, has meant that the initial deadline of 2013 was untenable. In March 2012, the Government of Afghanistan submitted a request for a ten-year extension of the deadline to remove all AP mines by 2023. This extension request was developed by UNMACA in collaboration with DMC and the MAPA implementing partners, which was then accepted by all state parties
Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan encompasses all pillars of mine action: advocacy, demining (survey, marking and clearance), stockpile destruction, mine/explosive remnants of war risk education, and victim assistance. The programme is funded both bilaterally and through the UN Voluntary Trust Fund (VTF).
As the coordination body UNMACA also has the responsibility to administer implementation of the Ottawa ten-year extension plan. To insure proper coordination, effectiveness and efficiency within the Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan, UNMACA carries out activities focused on the following functions:
- Ensuring Quality
- Information Management
- Planning and Priority Setting
- Resource Mobilization
UNMACA QUALITY POLICY
Mine Action Centre for Afghanistan (UNMACA) is committed to make sure that the mine action customers and stakeholders are satisfied and receive high quality mine action services. It is our policy to consistently promote and support the safety and security in relation to mine/ERW threat to individuals, communities and development sector within Afghanistan which comply with the specifications laid down by mine action stakeholders according to their needs and the requirements of Afghanistan Mine Action Standards.
UNMACA is committed in continual improvement of its Quality Management System and all the Processes, Procedures and Standards relating to mine action services to meet the goals of Government of Afghanistan as outlined in Ottawa Treaty and other signed conventions (CCM and CRPD). UNMACA is responsible to make sure that the followings have been met:
a) Safe and clear land is handed over to the end users;
b) Safe behavior is promoted among the individuals including men, women, boys and girls within communities in relation to mine/ERW threat;
c) The mine/ERW incidents are reduced both to mine action employees, local people and other involved individuals;
d) Persons with disabilities including men, women, boys and girls have access to services enabling them to become active contributors and beneficiaries of social, health, education and employment opportunities;
e) All mine action resources are managed and used effectively and efficiently; and
f) A transparent system of accountability in terms of utilization of resources and donor money is maintained.
The quality objectives of UNMACA are determined by Senior Management and are continually reviewed at the management reviews on six months basis. This quality policy will be reviewed annually in order to ensure its continuing suitability to Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan.
 CCM stands for Convention on Cluster Munitions and CRPD stands for Convention for Rights of Persons with Disability.